Reclaim Our History Aug. 16-31
Aug. 16, 1812: American attempt to invade and annex Canada fails before it begins when General William Hull, reportedly frightened into “a state of near incoherence,” surrenders his entire army at Detroit without firing a shot to a lesser British and Indian force. 1914: Three thousand anti-war socialists demonstrate against WWI in Buffalo, N.Y.
Aug. 17, 1918: IWW War Trials, Chicago; 95 go to prison for up to 20 years. 1973: 94 of CBS’s 186 affiliates refuse to telecast Tony award-winning drama “Sticks and Bones,” by David Rabe, about a blind, embittered Vietnam veteran’s homecoming. The defection of affiliates, the largest in history of network TV, made it virtually impossible to sell commercial spots for telecast; 100-minute program was shown in many cities without ads. Stations feared the play might offend relatives of POW’s in North Vietnam.
Aug. 19, 1942: Canadian and British troops suffer disastrous losses during raid against Germans, Dieppe, France. Of 6,000 Allied troops, less than half return.
Aug. 22, 1779: Gen. Clinton’s troops join with Gen. Sullivan’s in “scorched earth” policy against Iroquois.
Aug. 23, 1900: Folk and protest singer Malvina Reynolds born, San Francisco, California. Was refused her diploma by Lowell High School because her parents were opposed to US participation in World War I.
Aug. 24, 1814: British troops burn the Capitol and the White house after US troops, fleeing so fast that only eight of them were killed, left Washington DC virtually undefended.
Aug. 25, 1945: One million Saigonese demonstrate in support of Ho Chi Min’h. 1969: US troops refuse to advance after five days of heavy casualties. One of scores of nonviolent mutinies durintg Vietnam War. Sonchang Valley, Vietnam.
Aug. 27, 1776: General George Washington, with 10,000 troops, loses the Battle of Long Island. 1903: Squadron of US troops ordered to Beirut “to protect US interests.”
Aug. 28, 1926: Marines land at Bluefields, Nicaragua to “protect US interests”.
Aug. 29, 1842: At the conclusion of the first Anglo-Chinese War, also known as the First Opium War, the Treaty of Nanking is signed, ceding the island of Hong Kong to the British and winning European merchants more loot in China. 1865: “Battle” of Tongue River; Gen. Connor leads troops in dawn attack on a sleeping Arapaho village in Dakota Territory, killing at least 60. Connor relieved of command for killing woman and children, but practice continues. 1970: Selective Service Systems report: prosecutions for draft evasion have increased 10 times over 1965 level.
Aug. 30, 1918: World War I opponent Prince Hopkins pleads guilty in Los Angeles for violating the Espionage Act, a common charge against war oppoents. He is fined $27,000. 1959: Elections held in South Vietnam give parties loyal to President Diem unanimous control of the National Assembly, when all opposition candidates are forbidden to take their seats. CIA will later OK his assassination when he forgets who owns him.
Aug. 31, 1779: Runovea, an Iroquoian town in upstate New York, burned by Gen. Sullivan.